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Table 2 Sympathetic and cardiovagal baroreflex sensitivity during baseline and fragrance inhalation of grapefruit essential oil in study 1

From: Increase in diastolic blood pressure induced by fragrance inhalation of grapefruit essential oil is positively correlated with muscle sympathetic nerve activity

 BLInhalation
Sympathetic baroreflex sensitivity
 DBP-total MSNA, units/mmHg− 0.66 ± 0.73− 0.86 ± 0.82
 DBP-burst incidence, bursts·100 beats− 1·mmHg− 1− 1.3 ± 1.8− 2.0 ± 1.9
Cardiovagal baroreflex sensitivity
 SBP-RRI, ms/mmHg10.8 ± 5.611.9 ± 9.6
 SBP-HR, bpm/mmHg− 0.60 ± 0.22− 0.66 ± 0.32
  1. Values are means ± SD. DBP diastolic blood pressure, MSNA muscle sympathetic nerve activity, SBP systolic blood pressure, RRI R–R interval, HR heart rate. BL baseline; Inhalation, fragrance inhalation of grapefruit essential oil