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Table 1 Respiratory variables during baseline and fragrance inhalation of grapefruit essential oil in study 1

From: Increase in diastolic blood pressure induced by fragrance inhalation of grapefruit essential oil is positively correlated with muscle sympathetic nerve activity

 BLInh-5 minInh-10 min
VE, L/min8.4 ± 2.98.5 ± 2.88.1 ± 3.3
RR, breaths/min16.2 ± 5.216.2 ± 4.916.1 ± 4.8
VO2, mL/min236 ± 91239 ± 93230 ± 96
VCO2, mL/min196 ± 80207 ± 89194 ± 89
RER0.83 ± 0.080.86 ± 0.110.84 ± 0.12
  1. Values are means ± SD. Average data for 5 min of baseline (BL) and for the first (Inh-5 min) and last half (Inh-10 min) of fragrance inhalation are shown
  2. VE, minute ventilation; RR, respiratory rate, VO2, oxygen consumption rate; VCO2, carbon dioxide production rate; RER, respiratory exchange ratio