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Table 1 Body weight and soleus muscle mass

From: Effects of astaxanthin supplementation and electrical stimulation on muscle atrophy and decreased oxidative capacity in soleus muscle during hindlimb unloading in rats

  Initial body weight (g) Final body weight (g) Absolute soleus muscle mass (mg) Relative soleus muscle mass (mg/100 g BW)
Con 427 ± 7 459 ± 7 193 ± 8 42.1 ± 1.5
HU 414 ± 3 404 ± 3* 120 ± 4* 29.6 ± 1.2*
HU + AX 420 ± 4 404 ± 5* 132 ± 3* 32.7 ± 0.5*
HU + ES 424 ± 2 382 ± 7* 139 ± 4* 36.4 ± 1.1*
HU + AX + ES 419 ± 4 385 ± 4* 140 ± 3* 36.4 ± 0.7*
  1. Values indicate mean ± SEM
  2. Con control group, HU hindlimb unloading group, HU + AX hindlimb unloading plus astaxanthin treatment group, HU + ES hindlimb unloading plus electrical stimulation group, HU + AX + ES hindlimb unloading plus astaxanthin treatment with electrical stimulation group, SEM standard error of mean
  3. The symbols * and significant differences from the Con and HU groups, respectively, at p < 0.05