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Fig. 4 | The Journal of Physiological Sciences

Fig. 4

From: Effects of astaxanthin supplementation and electrical stimulation on muscle atrophy and decreased oxidative capacity in soleus muscle during hindlimb unloading in rats

Fig. 4

Representative images of AP staining of the soleus muscle in Con (a), HU (b), HU + AX (c), HU + ES (d), and HU + AX + ES (e) groups. C/F ratio (f) in each group. Scale bar represents 100 μm. Values indicate mean ± SEM. The symbols *, , , and §significant differences from the Con, HU, HU + AX, and HU + ES groups, respectively, at p < 0.05. Con control group, HU hindlimb unloading group, HU + AX hindlimb unloading plus astaxanthin treatment group, HU + ES hindlimb unloading plus electrical stimulation group, HU + AX + ES hindlimb unloading plus astaxanthin treatment with electrical stimulation group, SEM standard error of mean

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