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Table 1 Skin temperatures before treatment at the heel and head of fibula in each group

From: Topical thermal therapy with hot packs suppresses physical inactivity-induced mechanical hyperalgesia and up-regulation of NGF

  Group Skin temperatures
Baseline 1st week 2nd week 3rd week 4th week
Heel CON 30.2 ± 1.3 28.3 ± 0.9 25.9 ± 0.6 27.9 ± 1.3 26.6 ± 1.1
PI 29.5 ± 1.4 28.2 ± 1.1 27.3 ± 0.6 27.4 ± 1.0 25.5 ± 0.7
PI + sham 29.2 ± 1.8 28.1 ± 1.4 28.7 ± 1.2 28.6 ± 1.9 25.3 ± 0.3
PI + hot pack 31.1 ± 0.9 28.2 ± 1.1 25.7 ± 1.1 29.8 ± 1.5 27.4 ± 0.9
Head of fibula CON 33.8 ± 0.2 33.6 ± 0.2 33.0 ± 1.0 33.9 ± 0.2 33.7 ± 0.4
PI 33.5 ± 0.6 32.2 ± 0.6 31.5 ± 0.8 32.2 ± 0.3 31.7 ± 0.5
PI + sham 31.9 ± 0.8 32.1 ± 0.6 31.5 ± 0.6 32.6 ± 0.6 31.7 ± 0.4
PI + hot pack 33.8 ± 0.3 33.4 ± 0.6 32.6 ± 1.1 33.1 ± 0.7 32.4 ± 0.5
  1. We observed the chronological change of skin temperatures due to physical inactivity or treatment. Skin temperatures were taken soon after cast removal. Skin temperatures are expressed as mean ± SEM. There were no significant differences between any groups during the physical inactivity period