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Table 1 Changes in physiological characteristics with the Danjiki Buddhist ritual: a case of a 48-year-old man

From: A week of Danjiki (Buddhist fasting ritual) on cardiometabolic health: a case report

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Physical characteristics
 Height (cm) 177
 Body weight (kg) 83.7 78.7
 BMI (kg/m2) 26.6 25.4
 Body fat (%) 24.4 25.8
Resting metabolic rate
 VO2 (ml/min) 249 265
 VCO2 (ml/min) 239 236
 RER 0.95 0.89
Blood chemistry
 Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 238 257
 LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 157 144
 Triglyceride (mg/dl) 219 141
 Glucose (mg/dl 74 74
Blood pressure
 Brachial SBP (mmHg) 114 114
 Brachial DBP (mmHg) 74 75
 Brachial PP (mmHg) 40 39
 Carotid SBP (mmHg) 95 98
 Carotid PP (mmHg) 29 31
Cardiac function
 Heart rate (bpm) 70 63
 PEP (ms) 83 92
 ET (ms) 285 272
 ET/PEP 3.4 3.0
Heart rate and blood pressure variability
 LF power RRI 27133 23963
 HF power RRI 9102 7852
 Total power RRI 57867 90684
 LF power SBP 326 396
 HF power SBP 45 118
 Total power SBP 1022 1029
Arterial function
 cfPWV (cm/s) 824 949
 faPWV (cm/s) 960 1030
 baPWV (cm/s) 1344 1489
 Ankle-brachial index 1.12 1.13
 FMD (%) 10.8 11.6
 Normalized FMD (%) 4.1 3.9
 CS compliance (mm2/mmHg) 0.17 0.13
 β-stiffness index (U) 4.46 5.51
  1. BMI body mass index, VO 2 oxygen consumption, VCO 2 carbon dioxide production, RER respiratory exchange ration, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, PP pulse pressure, PEP left ventricular pre-ejection period, ET left ventricular ejection time, LF low frequency, HF high frequency, RRI R–R interval, cfPWV carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, faPWV femoral-ankle pulse wave velocity, baPWV brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity, FMD flow-mediated dilation, CS cross-sectional